Grades and Scholarship

Final grades are submitted at the end of the term, and these are made part of a student's permanent record.  A progress report of every first-year student in each registered class is submitted to the Registrar by every instructor at the middle of each term.

Undergraduate students are permitted a selection from two alternative grading options. The course grading options are as follows:

  • Option 1:  A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D, F
  • Option 2:  S (Satisfactory grade C- or higher) / NC (No Credit grade D,F).

In addition to those courses which must be taken under Option 2, a student may take a maximum of fifteen semester hours under Option 2 within the hours required for graduation in the degree program. A student may take any course beyond the minimum hours required for graduation in the degree program under Option 2. All courses that are used to fulfill the Common Academic Program must be taken under Option 1. The college/school or department may place further restrictions on the use of Option 2. Exceptions to this policy may be made by the dean (or the dean's designee) of the college/school in which a student is enrolled. NOTE: Studies have shown that Satisfactory/No Credit grades (Option 2) on one's academic record may be a negative factor in the evaluation of application for transfer to some undergraduate schools, for admission to most professional schools (law, medicine, etc.) and many graduate schools, and for employment in some fields.

The official marks with their meanings and quality-point values are as follows:

  • A - Excellent; for each semester hour, 4.0 quality points are allowed.
  • A- - For each semester hour, 3.6667quality points are allowed.
  • B+ - For each semester hour, 3.3333 quality points are allowed.
  • B - Good, for each semester hour, 3.0 quality points are allowed.
  • B- - For each semester hour, 2.6667 quality points are allowed.
  • C+ - For each semester hour, 2.3333 quality points are allowed.
  • C - Fair; for each semester hour, 2.0 quality points are allowed.
  • C- - For each semester hour, 1.6667 quality points are allowed.
  • D - Poor but passing; for each semester hour, 1.0 quality point is allowed.
  • F - Failed. This mark indicates poor scholastic work, or failure to report withdrawal from a course. In such cases, required courses must be repeated or retaken, preferably at the next opportunity.
  • S - Satisfactory. This mark indicates credit given for a course taken under grading Option 2, C- or higher; or for a class for which credit by examination has been given. The S credit shall be counted as hours only and shall not be considered in determining a student's cumulative point average.
  • NC - No Credit. This mark indicates no credit given for a course taken under grading Option 2, below C-. In such cases, required courses must be repeated or retaken, preferably at the next opportunity.
  • I - Incomplete. This grade indicates that the student has obtained the instructor's recommendation, subject to the chairperson's approval, to complete some portion of the work of the term that for reasons beyond the student's control was not completed before the end of the term, provided that the rest of the work has been of satisfactory grade. An I must be removed within thirty days from the date listed on the grade report, or it will be changed to an F or NC (option 2) on the student's permanent record. The time limit may be extended under exceptional circumstances, with the approval of the dean, if application for the extension is made within the thirty-day period noted.
  • W - Withdrawn. During the first three weeks of a full term (or the first eight class days of a split term) a student may withdraw from a class without record by obtaining a drop (withdrawal) form, having it signed by the academic advisor and processing it. Beginning with the fourth week of the term and continuing through the fourth week after mid-term (or the ninth class day of a split term and continuing through the fourth week of the split term), a student may withdraw with a W by the same process, except that the drop form must have the approval signature of the instructor as well as that of the advisor. For the remainder of the term, until the last day of classes, a student may withdraw with a W only by making a formal request to the dean, who consults with the student's instructor before granting such a request. During this period, a W will be permitted only for special nonacademic reasons. These include, but are not limited to, financial difficulties and matters of personal or family health. Documentation may be required. When a student finds it necessary to withdraw from the University, for any reason whatsoever, it is important that the dean be notified immediately. Financial adjustments, if allowed, will be made only from the date on the withdrawal form. Total withdrawal from all classes requires the processing of the drop form. This requires one signature from the student's Academic dean. It is the student's responsibility to initiate and process all withdrawals; the faculty do not initiate withdrawals for students except for auditors. In addition, the student is urged to process the withdrawal as soon as possible after deciding to drop a course. Students cannot assume that withdrawals are granted automatically if they stop attending class. Any failure to process the drop (withdrawal) form will incur a grade of F for the course or courses involved. The F's so accumulated are always included in the cumulative grade-point average.
  • IP - In Progress. This symbol is used in lieu of a grade for a course which has not terminated at the end of a term or summer session. A grade with corresponding credit and quality points (see grading Options 1 and 2) will be assigned when the course has been completed. 
  • N - No grade was reported by the instructor.
  • K - Credit. This mark is used only for credits accepted as transfer credit from other institutions. No quality points are allowed. K credit is not allowed for English courses taken at institutions in countries where the native language is other than English.
  • X - Audit. This mark indicates that the student has registered to audit the course. No credit hours or quality points are awarded for this mark. Any course taken for audit may not be retaken for credit. If, in the opinion of the instructor, a student has not attended and participated in a sufficient number of classes, the instructor will assign a W.
  • AP - This mark indicates University of Dayton credit given to a student on the basis of the Advanced Placement Program of the CEEB University. The required level of achievement on these examinations is determined by the department in which the course is taught. This credit shall be assigned only on authorization of the registrar. No quality points are allowed. A student must be registered at the University of Dayton to obtain credit. AP credit is limited to 24 semester hours (exclusive of AP and CLEP General Examination credits).
Retake Policy (revised 2016)

Students may retake any courses taken at the University of Dayton for up to 12 semester credit hours.

  • A student can retake any course. The higher of the grades earned will be used in the calculation of the student’s cumulative GPA. The lower grade will remain on the transcript with an “E” (grade excluded) notation, and credits for the excluded course will apply against the student’s allotment of 12 course retake credits.
  • When a course is taken for the third time, Dean’s approval is required. The lower of the first two grades will be excluded and the other attempted grades earned as a result of the retake will be factored into the calculation of the cumulative GPA.
  • The student will only receive N credit hours toward his or her degree. The credits for the excluded course will apply against the student’s allotment of 12 course retake credits.
  • When a student reaches 12 semester credit hours, all further attempted course grades will be factored into the calculation of the cumulative GPA.

Credit can be earned only once for a course unless the course is specifically identified as allowing additional credit when retaken. 

If students retake a course in which the topics vary, it must be demonstrated that the retaken course contains sufficiently similar content as the original course for which the students received a different grade.

Courses taken by students prior to the initiation of this revised policy, and before completion of an undergraduate degree, may be retaken within the guidelines of this revised policy.

Students and advisors should be aware that their UD calculated GPAs are UD GPAs and Graduate, Law, Medical, Dental, or Professional, or other undergraduate programs, as part of their admissions process may calculate students’ GPAs from the recorded grades of the UD transcript separate from the UD calculation including retake courses.

No grade changes are permitted after thirty days from the date listed on the grade report.

The University reserves the right to change the grading system.
 

Grade-Point Averages

Semester Grade-Point Average:

Is the total number of quality points divided by the total number of semester credit hours carried by the student under Option 1.

Cumulative Grade-Point Average:

Is the total number of cumulative quality points divided by the total number of cumulative credit hours carried by the student under Option 1. If a course is repeated, the grade points for both the original grade and the new grade are computed. If a course is retaken (see R) and the subsequent grade is higher than or equal to the previous grade, the previous grade will not count towards the student's CGPA henceforth. Marks of I, K, IP, S, W, X and NC are disregarded in the computation of the CGPA.