Grades and Scholarship
Final grades are submitted at the end of the term, and these are made part of a student's permanent record. A progress report of every first-year student in each registered class is submitted to the Registrar by every instructor at the middle of each term.
Undergraduate students are permitted a selection from two alternative grading options. The course grading options are as follows:
- Option 1: A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D, F
- Option 2: S (Satisfactory grade C- or higher) / NC (No Credit grade D,F).
In addition to those courses which must be taken under Option 2, a student may take a maximum of fifteen semester hours under Option 2 within the hours required for graduation in the degree program. A student may take any course beyond the minimum hours required for graduation in the degree program under Option 2. All courses that are used to fulfill the Common Academic Program must be taken under Option 1. The college/school or department may place further restrictions on the use of Option 2. Exceptions to this policy may be made by the dean (or the dean's designee) of the college/school in which a student is enrolled. NOTE: Studies have shown that Satisfactory/No Credit grades (Option 2) on one's academic record may be a negative factor in the evaluation of application for transfer to some undergraduate schools, for admission to most professional schools (law, medicine, etc.) and many graduate schools, and for employment in some fields.
The official marks with their meanings and quality-point values are as follows:
- A - Excellent; for each semester hour, 4.0 quality points are allowed.
- A- - For each semester hour, 3.6667quality points are allowed.
- B+ - For each semester hour, 3.3333 quality points are allowed.
- B - Good, for each semester hour, 3.0 quality points are allowed.
- B- - For each semester hour, 2.6667 quality points are allowed.
- C+ - For each semester hour, 2.3333 quality points are allowed.
- C - Fair; for each semester hour, 2.0 quality points are allowed.
- C- - For each semester hour, 1.6667 quality points are allowed.
- D - Poor but passing; for each semester hour, 1.0 quality point is allowed.
- F - Failed. This mark indicates poor scholastic work, or failure to report withdrawal from a course. In such cases, required courses must be repeated or retaken, preferably at the next opportunity.
- S - Satisfactory. This mark indicates credit given for a course taken under grading Option 2, C- or higher; or for a class for which credit by examination has been given.. The S credit shall be counted as hours only and shall not be considered in determining a student's cumulative point average.
- NC- No Credit. This mark indicates no credit given for a course taken under grading Option 2, below C-. In such cases, required courses must be repeated or retaken, preferably at the next opportunity.
- I- Incomplete. This grade indicates that the student has obtained the instructor's recommendation, subject to the chairperson's approval, to complete some portion of the work of the term that for reasons beyond the student's control was not completed before the end of the term, provided that the rest of the work has been of satisfactory grade. An I must be removed within thirty days from the date listed on the grade report, or it will be changed to an F or NC (option 2) on the student's permanent record. The time limit may be extended under exceptional circumstances, with the approval of the dean, if application for the extension is made within the thirty-day period noted.
- W- Withdrawn. During the first three weeks of a full term (or the first eight class days of a split term) a student may withdraw from a class without record by obtaining a drop (withdrawal) form, having it signed by the academic advisor, and processing it. Beginning with the fourth week of the term and continuing through the fourth week after mid-term (or the ninth class day of a split term and continuing through the fourth week of the split term), a student may withdraw with a W by the same process, except that the drop form must have the approval signature of the instructor as well as that of the advisor. For the remainder of the term, until the last day of classes, a student may withdraw with a W only by making a formal request to the dean, who consults with the student's instructor before granting such a request. During this period, a W will be permitted only for special nonacademic reasons. These include, but are not limited to, financial difficulties and matters of personal or family health. Documentation may be required. When a student finds it necessary to withdraw from the University, for any reason whatsoever, it is important that the dean be notified immediately. Financial adjustments, if allowed, will be made only from the date on the withdrawal form. Total withdrawal from all classes requires the processing of the drop form. This requires one signature from the student's Academic dean. It is the student's responsibility to initiate and process all withdrawals; the faculty do not initiate withdrawals for students except for auditors. In addition, the student is urged to process the withdrawal as soon as possible after deciding to drop a course. Students cannot assume that withdrawals are granted automatically if they stop attending class. Any failure to process the drop (withdrawal) form will incur a grade of F for the course or courses involved. The F's so accumulated are always included in the cumulative grade-point average.
- IP - In Progress. This symbol is used in lieu of a grade for a course which has not terminated at the end of a term or summer session. A grade with corresponding credit and quality points (see grading Options 1 and 2) will be assigned when the course has been completed.
- N- No grade was reported by the instructor.
- K- Credit. This mark is used only for credits accepted as transfer credit from other institutions. No quality points are allowed. K credit is not allowed for English courses taken at institutions in countries where the native language is other than English.
- X- Audit. This mark indicates that the student has registered to audit the course. No credit hours or quality points are awarded for this mark. Any course taken for audit may not be retaken for credit. If, in the opinion of the instructor, a student has not attended and participated in a sufficient number of classes, the instructor will assign a W.
- AP - College credit earned by high school student.
If a student retakes a course in which the topics vary, it must be demonstrated that the retaken course contains the same material as the original course in which the student received a D or F. Courses taken by students prior to the initiation of this policy, and before completion of an undergraduate degree, may be retaken within the guidelines of this policy.
An undergraduate student who receives a grade of D or F in a course taken under Option 1 at the University of Dayton may retake that course under Option 1 at the University of Dayton and remove the original D or F from the cumulative GPA. When a course has been retaken and the subsequent grade is higher than or equal to the previous grade, the previous grade will not count towards the student's cumulative GPA. The transcript will reflect this event by noting the original grade with an "E" (Grade Excluded) and the term and cumulative GPA's will be adjusted. A student may have no more than 15 semester hours of "retaken" credit hours. Cumulative grade point averages will reflect the changes within 30 days after the grades are posted.
When a student retakes a course which he or she has taken more than once previously, the retaken course will serve to replace both previous grades (if it is the same as or higher than each). The number of "retaken hours" will be counted as the total hours for the two courses in which the grades are replaced; e.g., if a student retakes PSY 101 in which he or she had previously earned F two times, the new passing grade will replace both Fs, but will count as 6 retaken credit hours. This student will then be able to take up to 9 additional retaken credit hours.
Exceptions to this policy may be made by the dean (or the dean's designee) of the school or college in which the student is enrolled.
No grade changes of any kind are permitted after thirty days from the date listed on the grade report.
The University reserves the right to change the grading system.
Semester Grade-Point Average:
Is the total number of quality points divided by the number of semester credit hours carried by the student under Option 1.
Cumulative Grade-Point Average:
Is the total number of cumulative quality points divided by the number of cumulative credit hours carried by the student under Option 1. If a course is repeated, the grade points for both the original grade and the new grade are computed. If a course is retaken (see R) and the subsequent grade is higher than or equal to the previous grade, the previous grade will not count towards the student's CGPA henceforth. Marks of I, K, IP, S, W, X, and NC are disregarded in the computation of the CGPA.