University of Dayton
Academic Catalog 2014-15

Biology

Majors:

Minor:

The Bachelor of Science program in biology is designed to prepare a student for a career in the life sciences. Graduates of the program are competitive for entry into graduate programs in the biological sciences as well as professional schools, such as medical, dental, osteopathic, and veterinary science, as well as physician assistant (PA)  and advanced nursing programs.

The department has two primary areas of focus:

  1. Basic biomedical science
  2. Environmental/ecological science

Biomedical science course offerings includes:

  • Molecular biology
  • Cell biology
  • General and medical microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Genetics
  • Mammalian physiology
  • Developmental biology

Environmental/ecological science course offerings include:

  • Ecology
  • Population biology
  • Ecological physiology
  • Environmental microbiology
  • Community and restoration ecology
  • Entomology and analysis of biological data
  • Evolutionary biology
  • Plant physiology
  • Environmental biology in the narrow sense

In addition, advanced undergraduates may enroll in graduate courses for undergraduate credit with the consent of the chairperson. In line with the two areas of research interests, the department encourages students (in consultation with their advisors) to declare one of the two as an area of concentration of study no later than the end of their sophomore year. For the student more interested in a broad approach to biology, the department recommends a third option, the general biology option (any combination of upper-level biology courses that fulfills the program requirements).

The department offers a research mentorship program for upper-level students majoring in biology. The program allows a student to work closely with both faculty and graduate students in laboratory and/or field research. Participation in the program is based on the recommendation of a member of the faculty. The mentorship program is designed to provide a significant advantage for those students who intend to enter a graduate program.

The department also offers a combined five-year Bachelor and Master of Science (5Y  B.S.-M.S.)  degree in Biology. This accelerated program is designed for students who display strong potential for research in biology. It provides a liberal arts education, a broad background in biology, the development of expertise in a biological subfield and a thorough introduction to research instrumentation and techniques. Graduates from the program are prepared for either direct entry into the job market or continuation toward the Ph.D. A detailed description of the five-year B.S.-M.S. program may be obtained from the departmental office.

A minor in biology consists of 20 semester hours.

Faculty

Mark Nielsen, Chairperson
Distinguished Service Professor: Noland
Professors Emeriti: Chantell, Geiger, Ramsey, Rowe
Professors: Burky, Kearns, Robinson, Tsonis, P. Williams
Associate Professors: Friese, Krane, McEwan, Nielsen, Singh, D. Wright, S. Wright
Assistant Professors: Hansen, Kango-Singh, Pitychoutis, Sun, T. Williams
Lecturers: Dillon, Kavanaugh, Klco, Nickell
 

Bachelor of Science with a Major in Biology (bio) Minimum 120 Hours

Common Academic Program (CAP)
*credit hours will vary depending on courses selected
First-Year Humanities Commons 112
West and the World
Introduction to Religious and Theological Studies
Intro To Philosophy
Writing Seminar I 2
Second-Year Writing Seminar 30-3
Writing Seminar II
Oral Communication3
Principles of Oral Communication
Mathematics3
Social Science3
Arts3
Natural Sciences 47
Crossing Boundariesvariable credit
Faith Traditions
Practical Ethical Action
Inquiry
Integrative
Advanced Studyvariable credit
Philosophy and/or Religious Studies
Historical Studies
Diversity and Social Justice3
Major Capstone0-3

1

Completed with ASI 110 and ASI 120.

2

Or ENG 100A and ENG 100B, orENG 200H, by placement.

3

Completed with ENG 200H or ASI 120.

4

Must include two different disciplines and accompanying lab.




Science Breadth Requirements
(Satisfies CAP Mathematics and CAP Natural Science)
CHM 123
  & 123L
General Chemistry
   and General Chemistry Laboratory
4
CHM 124
  & 124L
General Chemistry
   and General Chemistry Laboratory
4
CHM 313
  & 313L
Organic Chemistry
   and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
4
CHM 314
  & 314L
Organic Chemistry
   and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
4
PHY 201
  & 201L
General Physics
   and General Physics Laboratory
4
PHY 202
  & 202L
General Physics
   and General Physics Laboratory
4
Select one mathematics sequence from:6-8
Precalculus Math
   and Introductory Calculus I
Introductory Calculus I
   and Introductory Calculus II
Analytic Geometry & Calculus I
   and Analytic Geometry & Calculus II

Major Requirements 1, 644
BIO 151
  & 151L
Concepts of Biology I: Cell & Molecular Biology
   and Concepts of Biology Laboratory: Cell & Molecular Biology
4
BIO 152
  & 152L
Concepts of Biology II: Evolution & Ecology
   and Concepts of Biology Laboratory II: Evolution & Ecology
4
BIO 299Biology Seminar1
BIO 310Ecology3
BIO 312General Genetics3
BIO 420Seminar (Satisfies Cap Major Capstone)1
Select two environmental/ecological courses from: 2, 67
Evolution
BIO 309
  & 309L
Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates
   and Comparative Anatomy Laboratory
Ecology Laboratory
Introductory Entomology
Genetics Laboratory
BIO 314
  & 314L
Plant Biology
   and Plant Biology Laboratory
BIO 320
  & 320L
Marine Biology
   and Marine Biology Laboratory
BIO 340
  & 340L
Culture, Biodiversity & Resources Management
   and Culture, Biodiversity & Resources Management Laboratory
Sustainability & the Biosphere
BIO 360
  & 360L
Island Environmental Biology
   and Island Environmental Biology Laboratory
Conservation Biology
BIO 402
  & 402L
Vertebrate Zoology
   and Vertebrate Zoology Laboratory
BIO 407
  & 407L
Plant Diversity & Ecology
   and Plant Diversity & Ecology Laboratory
BIO 409
  & 409L
Ecological Restoration
   and Ecological Restoration Laboratory
BIO 411
  & 411L
General Microbiology
   and General Microbiology Laboratory
Biological Problems 4
BIO 435
  & 435L
Microbial Ecology
   and Microbial Ecology Laboratory
Analysis & Interpretation of Biological Data
Environmental Plant Biology
Evolution & Development
BIO 450
  & 450L
Comparative Animal Physiology
   and Comparative Animal Physiology Laboratory
BIO 452
  & 452L
Biology of Rivers & Lakes
   and Biology of Rivers & Lakes Laboratory
BIO 459
  & 459L
Environmental Ecology
   and Environmental Ecology Laboratory
Introduction to Bioinformatics
BIO 461
  & 461L
Invertebrate Zoology
   and Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory
Disease Ecology
BIO 480
  & 480L
Principles of Microscopy
   and Principles of Microscopy Laboratory
Mycology
Select two basic biomedical courses from: 3, 67
Evolution
BIO 309
  & 309L
Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates
   and Comparative Anatomy Laboratory
Introductory Entomology
Genetics Laboratory
BIO 403
  & 403L
Physiology I
   and Physiology Laboratory I
Physiology II
BIO 411
  & 411L
General Microbiology
   and General Microbiology Laboratory
Genetics Human Diseases
Neurobiology
Biological Problems 4
Immunology
Analysis & Interpretation of Biological Data
BIO 440
  & 440L
Cell Biology
   and Cell Biology Laboratory
BIO 442
  & 442L
Developmental Biology
   and Developmental Biology Laboratory
Evolution & Development
Introduction to Bioinformatics
BIO 461
  & 461L
Invertebrate Zoology
   and Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory
Molecular Biology
Disease Ecology
Biology of Infectious Disease
Cancer Biology
BIO 475
  & 475L
Human Anatomy
   and Human Anatomy Laboratory
BIO 480
  & 480L
Principles of Microscopy
   and Principles of Microscopy Laboratory
Mycology
Biochemistry
Select four electives, two with accompanying labs, from the group above. 5, 614

Breadth 7
ASI 150Introduction to the University Experience1
Social & Behavioral Sciences (includes CAP Social Science)6
Total Hours to total at least120

1

The Department of Biology supports national standards established by the National Institutes of Health for the responsible, humane treatment and housing of animals. The biology curriculum contains some laboratory courses in which dissection and vivisection are necessary and required in order to convey an understanding of certain biological concepts. All students are expected to participate in such laboratory exercises in the introductory biology sequence, BIO 151L and BIO 152L which involve dissection and/or vivisection. In other elective formal laboratory courses in which dissection and vivisection occur, it is expected that students will participate in all aspects of the laboratory. No alternatives to dissection or vivisection will be offered in these courses. It is ultimately the responsibility of students to make certain that they enroll in courses in which they are able to participate in all required exercises, and to obtain information from each instructor as to the specific laboratory course content and requirements. The Department of Biology maintains an updated list of laboratory courses in which dissection and/or vivisection is required in order to assist students in the selection of course work.

2

One with accompanying laboratory.

3

One with accompanying laboratory. BIO 462 strongly recommended as one of two courses.

4

By permission only. Qualifies as a laboratory elective for any category.

5

One of the following Non-BIO science courses may include: CHM 201,CHM 302,CHM 303,CHM 420,MTH 367,CPS 107,CPS 111,CPS 132,GEO 208,GEO 308,GEO 401,Other Non-BIO science courses may be included with the approval of the chairperson.

6

 A minimum grade of C- is required.

7

HST 340, HST 341 or HST 342 are highly recommended.

 

Bachelor of Science with a Major in Environmental Biology (evb) Minimum 120 Hours

Environmental biology is a science specialization based upon the fundamentals of biology and ecology, applying interdisciplinary skills, knowledge and principles to the environmental problems facing society today. Students entering this dynamic field could become directly involved in addressing some of the significant global problems related to human impact on the environment. In addition to the standard base of courses required of most biology majors, the curriculum also requires a challenging core of environmentally related science courses and course work drawn from a multidisciplinary elective pool that includes offerings in the humanities and social sciences.

Internship Program: Majors will participate in the EVB internship program (BIO 499, see course prerequisites), where they will have the unique opportunity to obtain valuable training and experience under the mentorship of established scientists and other environmental professionals.

Common Academic Program (CAP)
*credit hours will vary depending on courses selected
First-Year Humanities Commons 112
West and the World
Introduction to Religious and Theological Studies
Intro To Philosophy
Writing Seminar I 2
Second-Year Writing Seminar 30-3
Writing Seminar II
Oral Communication3
Principles of Oral Communication
Mathematics3
Social Science3
Arts3
Natural Sciences 47
Crossing Boundariesvariable credit
Faith Traditions
Practical Ethical Action
Inquiry
Integrative
Advanced Studyvariable credit
Philosophy and/or Religious Studies
Historical Studies
Diversity and Social Justice3
Major Capstone0-3

1

Completed with ASI 110 and ASI 120.

2

Or ENG 100A and ENG 100B, orENG 200H, by placement.

3

Completed with ENG 200H or ASI 120.

4

Must include two different disciplines and accompanying lab.





Science Breadth Requirements
(Satisfies CAP Mathematics and CAP Natural Science)
CHM 123
  & 123L
General Chemistry
   and General Chemistry Laboratory
4
CHM 124
  & 124L
General Chemistry
   and General Chemistry Laboratory
4
CHM 313
  & 313L
Organic Chemistry
   and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
4
CHM 314
  & 314L
Organic Chemistry
   and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
4
GEO 115
  & 115L
Physical Geology
   and Physical Geology Laboratory
4
GEO 116
  & 116L
Geological History of the Earth
   and Geological History of the Earth Laboratory
4
MTH 367Statistical Methods I 23
PHY 201
  & 201L
General Physics
   and General Physics Laboratory
4
PHY 202
  & 202L
General Physics
   and General Physics Laboratory
4
Select one sequence from:6-8
Introductory Calculus I
   and Introductory Calculus II
Analytic Geometry & Calculus I
   and Analytic Geometry & Calculus II 1
Select one course from:3-4
Geomorphology
Problems & Decisions in Environmental Geology
Surface & Groundwater Hydrology
Applied Geographic Information Systems

Major Requirements 3
BIO 151
  & 151L
Concepts of Biology I: Cell & Molecular Biology
   and Concepts of Biology Laboratory: Cell & Molecular Biology
4
BIO 152
  & 152L
Concepts of Biology II: Evolution & Ecology
   and Concepts of Biology Laboratory II: Evolution & Ecology
4
BIO 299Biology Seminar1
BIO 310
  & 310L
Ecology
   and Ecology Laboratory
4
BIO 312General Genetics3
BIO 420Seminar (Satisfies CAP Major Capstone)1
BIO 459Environmental Ecology3
BIO 479LEnvironmental Instrumentation Laboratory2
BIO 499Environmental Biology Internship3
Select three field oriented courses from: 3, 411
Evolution
Introductory Entomology
Genetics Laboratory
BIO 320
  & 320L
Marine Biology
   and Marine Biology Laboratory
BIO 340
  & 340L
Culture, Biodiversity & Resources Management
   and Culture, Biodiversity & Resources Management Laboratory
Sustainability & the Biosphere
BIO 360
  & 360L
Island Environmental Biology
   and Island Environmental Biology Laboratory
Conservation Biology
BIO 402
  & 402L
Vertebrate Zoology
   and Vertebrate Zoology Laboratory
BIO 407
  & 407L
Plant Diversity & Ecology
   and Plant Diversity & Ecology Laboratory
BIO 409
  & 409L
Ecological Restoration
   and Ecological Restoration Laboratory
Biological Problems 6
Analysis & Interpretation of Biological Data
Environmental Plant Biology
BIO 450
  & 450L
Comparative Animal Physiology
   and Comparative Animal Physiology Laboratory
BIO 452
  & 452L
Biology of Rivers & Lakes
   and Biology of Rivers & Lakes Laboratory
Environmental Ecology Laboratory
Disease Ecology
Mycology
Select three laboratory oriented courses from: 3, 510
BIO 309
  & 309L
Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates
   and Comparative Anatomy Laboratory
Introductory Entomology
Genetics Laboratory
BIO 314
  & 314L
Plant Biology
   and Plant Biology Laboratory
BIO 402
  & 402L
Vertebrate Zoology
   and Vertebrate Zoology Laboratory
BIO 403
  & 403L
Physiology I
   and Physiology Laboratory I
BIO 411
  & 411L
General Microbiology
   and General Microbiology Laboratory
Neurobiology
Biological Problems 6
BIO 435
  & 435L
Microbial Ecology
   and Microbial Ecology Laboratory
Analysis & Interpretation of Biological Data
BIO 440
  & 440L
Cell Biology
   and Cell Biology Laboratory
Environmental Plant Biology
BIO 442
  & 442L
Developmental Biology
   and Developmental Biology Laboratory
Evolution & Development
BIO 450
  & 450L
Comparative Animal Physiology
   and Comparative Animal Physiology Laboratory
Introduction to Bioinformatics
BIO 461
  & 461L
Invertebrate Zoology
   and Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory
Molecular Biology
Disease Ecology
Cancer Biology
BIO 475
  & 475L
Human Anatomy
   and Human Anatomy Laboratory
BIO 480
  & 480L
Principles of Microscopy
   and Principles of Microscopy Laboratory
Mycology

Breadth
ASI 150Introduction to the University Experience1
Social and Behavioral Sciences (PSY 101 satisfies CAP Social Science)6
Cultural Anthropology
Introductory Psychology
Elective
Total Hours to total at least120

1

MTH 168 - MTH 169 by placement.

2

Other appropriate statistics courses may be substituted with the approval of the department chairperson.

3

A minimum grade of C- is required.

4

At least two courses with accompanying laboratory. One non-BIO science course approved for science majors may be included in this section with permission. BIO 499 requires the permission of the EVB Program Director.

5

At least one course with accompanying laboratory. One non-BIO science course approved for science majors may be included in this section with permission. BIO 499 requires the permission of the EVB Program Director.

6

By permission only. Qualifies only as a laboratory elective.

 

 

Minor in Biology (bio)

Biology
BIO 151
  & 151L
Concepts of Biology I: Cell & Molecular Biology
   and Concepts of Biology Laboratory: Cell & Molecular Biology
4
BIO 152
  & 152L
Concepts of Biology II: Evolution & Ecology
   and Concepts of Biology Laboratory II: Evolution & Ecology
4
BIO 310Ecology3
BIO 312General Genetics3
Select two BIO courses (300/400 level)6
Total Hours20

Biology

First Year
FallHoursSpringHours
ASI 1501BIO 152
  & 152L
4
BIO 151
  & 151L (satisfies CAP natural science)
4CHM 124
  & 124L
4
CHM 123
  & 123L (satisfies CAP natural science)
4MTH 1493
MTH 148 (satisfies CAP mathematics)3REL 103, PHL 103, or HST 103 (satisfies CAP humanities)3
ENG 100 (satisfies CAP writing seminar)3REL 103, PHL 103, or HST 1033
REL 103, PHL 103, or HST 103 (saisfies CAP humanities)3 
 18 17
Second Year
FallHoursSpringHours
BIO 2991BIO 3103
BIO 3123CHM 314
  & 314L
4
CHM 313
  & 313L
4PHY 202
  & 202L
4
PHY 201
  & 201L
4CMM 100 (satisfies CAP writing seminar)3
ENG 2003Social Science (CAP)3
 15 17
Third Year
FallHoursSpringHours
BIO Elective Biomed3BIO 4201
BIO Elective Env/Eco w/lab4BIO Elective Env/Eco3
Adv HST3BIO Elective Biomed w/lab4
Adv PHL/REL (PEA/FT)3Inquiry3
Arts3Integrative3
 Social Science3
 16 17
Fourth Year
FallHoursSpringHours
BIO Elective w/lab4BIO 4993
BIO Elective3BIO Field Elective3
Diversity and Social Justice3BIO Lab Elective3
Adv PHL/REL (PEA/FT)3Diversity and Social Justice3
General Elective (optional)3Integrative3
 16 15
Total credit hours: 131

Environmental Biology

First Year
FallHoursSpringHours
ASI 1501BIO 152
  & 152L
4
BIO 151
  & 151L (satisfies CAP Natural Science)
4CHM 124
  & 124L
4
CHM 123L
  & 123L (satisfies CPA Natural Science)
2MTH 1493
MTH 148 (satisfies CAP Mathematics)3HST 103, PHL 103, or REL 103 (satisifes CAP Humanities)3
ENG 100 (satisfies CAP Writing Seminar)3HST 103, PHL 103, or REL 103 (satisifes CAP Humanities)3
HST 103, PHL 103, or REL 103 (satisifes CAP Humanities)3 
 16 17
Second Year
FallHoursSpringHours
BIO 310
  & 310L
4BIO 2991
CHM 313
  & 313L
4BIO 3123
PHY 201
  & 201L
4CHM 314
  & 314L
4
ANT 150 or PSY 1013PHY 202
  & 202L
4
ENG 2003Social Science (CAP)3
 CMM 100 (satisfies CAP Communication)3
 18 18
Third Year
FallHoursSpringHours
BIO 4593BIO Lab-Oriented Elective w/Lab4
BIO Field Elective w/Lab4BIO 4201
GEO 115
  & 115L
4GEO 116
  & 116L
4
MTH 3673Adv PHL/REL (PEA/FT)3
Arts3Adv HST3
 17 15
Fourth Year
FallHoursSpringHours
BIO 479L2BIO 4993
BIO Field Elective w/Lab4BIO Field Elective3
BIO Lab-Oriented Elective3BIO Lab-Oriented Elective3
GEO 307, 308, 309, or 4503-4Diversity and Social Justice3
adv PHL/REL (PEA/FT)3Integrative3
Inquiry3 
 18-19 15
Total credit hours: 134-135

Courses

BIO 101. General Biology I. 3 Hours

Study of the more important biological processes and principles through analysis and synthesis, dealing primarily with the organizational aspects of living things. For the nonscience major.

BIO 101L. General Biology Laboratory I. 1 Hour

Examination of biological concepts using basic biological techniques and stressing an investigational and experimental approach. One two-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 101.

BIO 151. Concepts of Biology I: Cell & Molecular Biology. 3 Hours

Study of the molecular and cellular organization of organisms. Topics also include development and genetics. Core biology course.

BIO 151L. Concepts of Biology Laboratory: Cell & Molecular Biology. 1 Hour

An introduction to biological laboratory procedures and instrumentation through a series of observational and experimental exercises at the cellular and molecular level. Core biology course. Corequisite(s): BIO 151.

BIO 152. Concepts of Biology II: Evolution & Ecology. 3 Hours

Study of evolution and ecology. Topics include phylogeny, systematics, and conservation. Core biology course. BIO 151 recommended.

BIO 152L. Concepts of Biology Laboratory II: Evolution & Ecology. 1 Hour

An introduction to biological laboratory exercises at the organismal and the system level through a series of observational and experimental exercises in evolution, ecology and behavioral ecology. Core biology course. Corequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 299. Biology Seminar. 1 Hour

Introduction to biological journals and abstracting materials. Practice in reviewing, abstracting, and presenting biological information, and career development. Core biology course. Biology and environmental biology majors only. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 301. Evolution. 3 Hours

Theory and evidence of organic evolution, with emphasis on microevolutionary change and population genetics. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 309. Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates. 3 Hours

Study of changes that have occurred in the vertebrate body with the passage of time, and analysis of their significance. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 309L. Comparative Anatomy Laboratory. 1 Hour

Dissection and study of the anatomical structure of representative vertebrate animals. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 309.

BIO 310. Ecology. 3 Hours

Interrelationship of plants, animals, and micro-organisms with the physical-chemical environment: nutrient cycles, energy flow, ecosystems, and factors affecting distribution and abundance of organisms. Core biology course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 310L. Ecology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Measurement of population, community, and environmental variables in terrestrial and aquatic systems. The lab is field-based using local ecological resources. One three-hour laboratory per week and weekend field trips. Corequisite(s): BIO 310.

BIO 311. Introductory Entomology. 3 Hours

Classification, physiology, ecology, and impact of insects on society. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 312. General Genetics. 3 Hours

Study of the principles of variation and heredity covering both Mendelian and molecular genetics. Core biology course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 312H. General Genetics. 3 Hours

Study of the principles of variation and heredity covering both Mendelian and molecular genetics. Core biology course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 312L. Genetics Laboratory. 1 Hour

Exploration of heredity using molecular genetic methods. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 312.

BIO 314. Plant Biology. 3 Hours

Consideration of structure, function, reproduction, and inheritance as applicable in the plant patterns of life. Emphasis on the vascular plants. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 314L. Plant Biology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Emphasis on generalized structure and function of plants. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 314.

BIO 320. Marine Biology. 2 Hours

Introduction to the diversity of marine life including the physical-chemical environment. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor. . Corequisite(s): BIO 320L.

BIO 320L. Marine Biology Laboratory. 2 Hours

Examination of marine organisms and processes. Laboratory work conducted on UD campus and at off-campus field sites in the southern United States or Hawaii. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor. Corequisite(s): BIO 320.

BIO 330. Animal Behavior. 3 Hours

An evolutionary approach to the study of animal behavior, emphasizing both proximate mechanisms and functional explanations of the survival value of behavior. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 330L. Animal Behavior Laboratory. 1 Hour

Analysis of animal behavior using various animal models. One three-hour laboratory per week and occasional Saturday field trips. Corequisite(s): BIO 330.

BIO 340. Culture, Biodiversity & Resources Management. 3 Hours

Field lecture course addressing cultural impacts on biodiversity and conciliatory demands for resource management to preserve the integrity of unique global environments. An experiential study of culture, regional geological morphology and weather-patterns, economic development, the freshwater-marine continuum, resource utilization, environmental law and management on conservation of unique biological habitats and organisms. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor. Corequisite(s): BIO 340L.

BIO 340L. Culture, Biodiversity & Resources Management Laboratory. 1 Hour

Lab field course on culture, biodiversity and balanced resource management to preserve integrity of unique global environments and compromises with economic development. Assessment of biodiversity in diverse biomes (e.g. elevational and rainforest-desert gradients, watersheds, coral reef systems) will be assessed with experimental design, data collection and analysis. May fulfill only one laboratory requirement for the Biology major. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor. Corequisite(s): BIO 340.

BIO 350. Applied Microbiology. 3 Hours

Fundamentals of applied and environmental microbiology for environmental scientists and engineers. Introduction to microorganisms and their role in bioenvironmental engineering and industrial processes. No science credit for biology majors. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152; CHM 314.

BIO 350L. Applied Microbiology Laboratory. 1 Hour

An introductory laboratory to acquaint students with basic microbiology laboratory techniques as applied to environmental pollution and industrial fermentations. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 350.

BIO 359. Sustainability & the Biosphere. 3 Hours

Study of the principles of sustainability. All areas of sustainability will be covered with emphasis on ecological facets of sustainability. Discussion of loss of habitat and biodiversity in the context of sustaining natural resources for future generations. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152 or SCI 230.

BIO 359H. Sustainability & the Biosphere. 3 Hours

Study of the principles of sustainability. All areas of sustainability will be covered with emphasis on ecological facets of sustainability. Discussion of loss of habitat and biodiversity in the context of sustaining natural resources for future generations. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152 or SCI 230.

BIO 360. Island Environmental Biology. 3 Hours

Field lecture course on environments of Pacific Islands. Study of volcanic geology, island morphology/weather-patterns, native culture, economic development, freshwater-marine continuum and water resource utilization on unique biological habitats. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor. Corequisite(s): BIO 360L.

BIO 360L. Island Environmental Biology Laboratory. 1-2 Hours

Lab field course on Pacific Islands. Ecology of elevational and rainforest-desert gradients, volcanic mountain streams, watersheds, and coral systems with experimental design, data collection and analysis. Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor. Corequisite(s): BIO 360.

BIO 370. Conservation Biology. 3 Hours

An ecosystem approach to the study of and threat to local, regional, and global biodiversity. Application of ecological principles of conservation of species and habitats. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 395. Global Environmental Biology. 3 Hours

Presentation of the biological and ecological principles needed for critical discussion and evaluation of current global environmental issues including food production, human population growth, role of humans and pollution in environmental degradation, and conservation of agricultural, forest and other natural resources. No science credit for biology majors. Prerequisite(s): BIO 101 or SCI 190.

BIO 402. Vertebrate Zoology. 3 Hours

The morphology, physiology, ecology, and distribution of representative vertebrate groups. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310 or BIO 312.

BIO 402L. Vertebrate Zoology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Laboratory focused on the diversity, systematics and ecology of vertebrates. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 402.

BIO 403. Physiology I. 3 Hours

Physical-chemical examination of the physiological events occurring in a living system with emphasis on physiology of the cell, excretion, nerves, muscles, bone, blood, heart, circulation, and respiration. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152; CHM 314.

BIO 403H. Physiology I. 3 Hours

Physical-chemical examination of the physiological events occurring in a living system with emphasis on physiology of the cell, excretion, nerves, muscles, bone, blood, heart, circulation, and respiration. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152; CHM 314.

BIO 403L. Physiology Laboratory I. 1 Hour

Systematic approach to the acquisition and interpretation of information about the physiology of living systems. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 403.

BIO 404. Physiology II. 3 Hours

Integrated systems based examination of physiological processes in humans with a special emphasis on molecular mechanisms of pathophysiological conditions in humans and experimental animal systems. Prerequisite(s): BIO 403.

BIO 407. Plant Diversity & Ecology. 3 Hours

Lecture course addressing plant diversity and ecology. Course includes an overview of plant systematics and aspects of plant anatomy, population ecology, community ecology, ecosystem ecology, and global ecology. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310.

BIO 407L. Plant Diversity & Ecology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Field laboratory course addressing plant diversity and ecology. Includes a series of field labs focused on plant identification, followed by labs focused on quantitatively assessing plants, plant communities, and ecosystems. Labs will take place in a variety of natural areas. Corequisite(s): BIO 407.

BIO 409. Ecological Restoration. 3 Hours

Principles and practices of ecological restoration. The course presents the rationale and knowledge needed to understand, appreciate, plan and perform ecological restoration. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310.

BIO 409L. Ecological Restoration Laboratory. 1 Hour

Practical applications of the principles of ecological restoration to a variety of ecosystems. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 409.

BIO 411. General Microbiology. 3 Hours

Introductory course stressing the physiology, cultivation, and classification of microbial organisms; their role in medicine, agriculture, and industry. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152; CHM 313.

BIO 411L. General Microbiology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Lab exercises focusing on the basic techniques involved in the isolation and identification of bacteria, including assessment of biochemical activities, growth characteristics of bacteria, and the impact of the environment on microbial growth. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 411.

BIO 412. Genetics Human Diseases. 3 Hours

Study of the molecular genetics of inherited human diseases using a systems approach. Survey of inherited diseases linked to major organs and organ systems. Prerequisite(s): BIO 312; CHM 313.

BIO 415. Neurobiology. 3 Hours

Structure and function of the brain and nervous system. Emphasis on understanding cellular and molecular events within the nervous system using model organisms. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152; CHM 124.

BIO 420. Seminar. 1 Hour

Practice in development, presentation, and discussion of papers dealing with biological research problems, and career development. Core biology course. Prerequisite(s): BIO 299, BIO 310, BIO 312.

BIO 421. Biological Problems. 1-2 Hours

Laboratory research problems. Topics arranged with faculty advisors. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 310 or BIO 312); Permission of department chairperson.

BIO 422. Biological Problems. 1-2 Hours

Library research problems. Topics arranged with faculty advisors. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 310 or BIO 312); Permission of department chairperson.

BIO 425. Parasitology. 3 Hours

Introduction to the morphology, life history, and clinical significance of parasites and other symbionts. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310 or BIO 312.

BIO 425L. Parasitology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Recognition of common human parasites. Study of both living and preserved forms. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 425.

BIO 427. Immunology. 3 Hours

Discussions of antigens, antibodies, antigenicity, immunogenicity, and antigen-antibody reactions including hypersensitivity, immune tolerance, and transplants. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 403 or BIO 411 or BIO 440 or BIO 442) or CHM 420.

BIO 435. Microbial Ecology. 3 Hours

Study of the diversity and activity of microorganisms and the interrelationships between microorganisms and their environments with emphasis on aquatic ecosystems. Prerequisite(s): BIO 411; CHM 314.

BIO 435L. Microbial Ecology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Examination of the methods of isolation and enumeration of microorganisms and techniques for determining their activities in the field and laboratory. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 435.

BIO 439. Analysis & Interpretation of Biological Data. 3 Hours

Introducing the nature of some of the important types of data that are generated in biological research, the databases that warehouse such data, the principles involved in the analysis of such data, the use of appropriate software to analyze such data, and the biological interpretation of the results of analysis. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 440. Cell Biology. 3 Hours

Study of the function, structure, composition, heredity, and growth of cells. Analysis of cell concepts in biochemical terms. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152; CHM 314.

BIO 440L. Cell Biology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Experimental approaches to explore modern concepts in cell structure, function, and biology. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 440.

BIO 441. Environmental Plant Biology. 3 Hours

Study of the physiological basis for environmental effects on plant metabolism, structure, growth and development, including plant responses to elevated carbon dioxide, acid deposition, and water stress. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310 or BIO 312.

BIO 442. Developmental Biology. 3 Hours

Study of animal development, including morphological patterns of development, mechanisms of cellular differentiation, cell-cell interactions during development, and mechanisms of differential gene expression. Emphasis on understanding development at the cellular and molecular levels. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152; CHM 314.

BIO 442L. Developmental Biology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Exploration of the development of key model organisms from the morphological and molecular perspectives with an emphasis on basic developmental laboratory techniques. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 442.

BIO 444. Plant Diversity. 3 Hours

Broad survey of the major divisions of the plant kingdom; consideration of algae, fungi, bryophytes, vascular plant groups; includes generalized life histories, ecological and physiological characteristics, and evolutionary relationships. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310.

BIO 444L. Plant Diversity Laboratory. 1 Hour

Laboratory studies of the plant groups, including life cycles and evolutionary, physiological, and ecological adaptations. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 444.

BIO 445. Evolution & Development. 3 Hours

Molecular and population genetic examination of the evolution of animal form. Topics include comparative developmental biology, population genetics, and molecular evolution. Prerequisite(s): BIO 312.

BIO 450. Comparative Animal Physiology. 3 Hours

Organized on a function-system basis, course dealing with environment-organism interaction and with integrative systems of the principle phyla of animals. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 310 or BIO 312); CHM 124.

BIO 450L. Comparative Animal Physiology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Examination of physiological responses to the physical environment. Variations of the physical environment are examined in the field. Study of animals under controlled laboratory conditions with experimental design, data collection and analysis to assess physiological adaptations. One three-hour laboratory or field trip per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 450.

BIO 452. Biology of Rivers & Lakes. 3 Hours

The biological interrelationships of organisms in rivers, streams, lakes and ponds including biodiversity, ecological/evolutionary adaptations and structure of aquatic ecosystems. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310.

BIO 452L. Biology of Rivers & Lakes Laboratory. 1 Hour

Laboratory and field exercises emphasizing the biological, chemical and physical attributes of freshwater ecological systems. One three-hour laboratory or field trip per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 452.

BIO 459. Environmental Ecology. 3 Hours

The application of current ecological knowledge and principles toward the study of human impact on the environment. Emphasis on ecosystem dynamics, applied ecology, disturbance ecology, and approaches to solving global environmental problems. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310.

BIO 459H. Environmental Ecology. 3 Hours

The application of current ecological knowledge and principles toward the study of human impact on the environment. Emphasis on ecosystem dynamics, applied ecology, disturbance ecology, and approaches to solving global environmental problems. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310.

BIO 459L. Environmental Ecology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Analytical approach to studying applied ecology and human impact on the environment. Emphasis on laboratory and field approaches to solving environmental problems through the use of ecological principles. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 459.

BIO 460. Introduction to Bioinformatics. 3 Hours

This course introduces the concepts involved in bioinformatics, using the appropriate material from the disciplines of biology, chemistry and computer science, among others. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 461. Invertebrate Zoology. 3 Hours

Survey of the structure, activities, life histories, and relationships of the invertebrate animals, with some emphasis on their origin and development. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310 or BIO 312.

BIO 461L. Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory. 1 Hour

Examination of the structure and function of the major invertebrate phyla. Survey of representative animals with an emphasis on observational skills for analysis of the structural adaptations of live animals. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 461.

BIO 462. Molecular Biology. 3 Hours

Analysis of the nature of the gene and gene action. Particular attention to genetic regulation and to recent advances in molecular genetics. Prerequisite(s): BIO 312; CHM 314.

BIO 465. Disease Ecology. 3 Hours

Examination of ecological factors affecting the emergence and dynamics of infectious diseases of humans and wildlife. History and overview of how diseases are often a product of populations, communities, ecosystems, and global systems. Includes an introduction to epidemiology and current molecular and geographic information system techniques used to study these integrated systems. Prerequisite(s): (BIO 310, BIO 411) or permission of department chairperson or instructor.

BIO 466. Biology of Infectious Disease. 3 Hours

The nature of infectious diseases, host-parasite relationships in resistance and infection, defense mechanism (antigen-antibody response); survey of the bacteria causing disease in humans. Prerequisite(s): BIO 411.

BIO 470. Cancer Biology. 3 Hours

Study of growth patterns and causes of cancer at the cellular and molecular levels. Discussion of the hereditary and environmental factors that contribute to the development of the disease in cancer patients. Description of the research being conducted to understand and cure the disease. Prerequisite(s): BIO 403 or BIO 440.

BIO 475. Human Anatomy. 3 Hours

Study of the fundamental principles of human gross anatomy with emphasis on all organ systems. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152; CHM 314.

BIO 475L. Human Anatomy Laboratory. 1 Hour

Study of human gross anatomy emphasizing all organs systems using computer-assisted dissection, anatomical human models and occasional dissection of nonhuman cadaver organs. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 475.

BIO 477H. Honors Thesis. 3 Hours

First of two courses leading to the selection, design, investigation, and completion of an independent, original Honors Thesis project under the guidance of a faculty research advisor. Restricted to students in the University Honors Program with permission of the program director and department chairperson. Students pursuing an interdisciplinary thesis topic may register for three semester hours each in two separate disciplines in consultation with the department chairpersons. Prerequisite(s): Approval of University Honors Program.

BIO 478H. Honors Thesis. 3 Hours

Second of two courses leading to the selection, design, investigation, and completion of an independent, original Honors Thesis project under the guidance of a faculty research advisor. Restricted to students in the University Honors Program with permission of the program director and department chairperson. Students pursuing an interdisciplinary thesis topic may register for three semester hours each in two separate disciplines in consultation with the department chairpersons. Prerequisite(s): Approved 477; approval of University Honors Program.

BIO 479L. Environmental Instrumentation Laboratory. 2 Hours

The understanding and use of field- and laboratory-based equipment to study current environmental issues. Emphasis on team-centered approaches to investigating environmental problems. Same as GEO 479L. One five-hour laboratory or field trip per week. Prerequisite(s): BIO 310; GEO 116.

BIO 480. Principles of Microscopy. 3 Hours

Focus on basic principles and theory of light and electron microscopy, and how these techniques address fundamental questions in science. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 480L. Principles of Microscopy Laboratory. 1 Hour

Application and practice of light and electron microscopy. One three-hour laboratory per week. Corequisite(s): BIO 480.

BIO 489. Mycology. 3 Hours

Introductory course stressing the interrelationship between fungi and the rest of the biological world. Emphasis on the basic biology and ecology of fungi, decomposition, species interactions, plant pathology and medical mycology. Prerequisite(s): BIO 152.

BIO 496. Special Topics in Biology. 1-3 Hours

Lecture course addressing advanced topics in biology. Topics are variable depending on faculty teaching the course and the course aims. Students should consult the class schedule. May be repeated. Prerequisite(s): BIO 151, BIO 152.

BIO 499. Environmental Biology Internship. 3 Hours

Majors will have the opportunity to obtain valuable training and experience under the mentorship of established scientists and professionals. Emphasis on approaches to solving environmental problems including such research areas as bioremediation, risk assessment, and ecological restoration. May be repeated up to six semester hours. No science credit for biology majors. Prerequisite(s): Permission of Environmental Biology Program Coordinator.